Important features of the Knowledge Manage-ment Systems, based on the Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) are described in the first section. These features emphasize the importance of Web 2.0 concepts which foster user generated content development as well as effective content filtering and selection capabilities (e.g. Really Simple Syndication – RSS feeds). The most popular community portals (blogging, video, etc.) nowadays generate more content than ever before. This new paradigm, where users become active participants instead of passive observers, calls for improvements in quality assessment and demands the adaptation of user generated content, so that it could be used for the wider interested audience. On the other hand, corporate or academic environments do not benefit from the community oriented Web 2.0 advantages directly. Knowledge Management challenges in these environments lie in the meaningful and tight integration of the Learning Manage-ment Systems (LMS) into the existing knowledge resources and information systems. This enables creation of personalized learning environments for target users, which is described in the second section. Subsequently, some of the case studies, which are incorporated into the E-CHO Learning Management System at the Faculty of Electrical Engineering, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia, are presented. Conclusions of the paper describe future research and development work, based on our experiences and new learning paradigm, putting learners into the centre of the educational process.